Educational material for the orientation of the elderly hearing impaired and communication partners

Authors: Vívian A Vespero *1 ; Carlos Autonelli Sombra Sousa 1 ; Bianca Caseiro Antonelli 1; Lucas Ferreira Néri 1; Danielle Fernandes de Lemos 1; Gabriela Zacante Santos 1; Fabiana de Souza Pinto Azenha 1; Thais Corina Said de Angelo 1; Wanderleia Quinhoneiro Blasca 1

1 Universidade de São Paulo – USP Bauru

Background: With aging, physiological changes occur, such as presbycusis, which brings hearing and communication difficulties, affecting the quality of life of the elderly and their communication partners. The use of individual sound amplification devices is essential in the auditory rehabilitation of the elderly. However, this whole process faces some difficulties, such as the lack of understanding of the transmitted recommendations, the lack of positive support from people close to them and knowledge deficits about communication with elderly people with hearing impairment. Thus, the objective of this work is to develop a series of videos with the theme of communication strategies for elderly hearing aid users and their communication partners.

Method: The project was elaborated, based on the realization of two studies involving the integrative review on two themes: the reasons why elderly hearing aid users do not use the individual sound amplification device; and about the most effective multimedia materials for this group of individuals, which were the basis for the prepared script. The characteristics of the videos were determined in terms of duration, editing and equipment, for subsequent recording of the scenes, narrations and editing of the videos.

Results: A total of thirteen videos were created, grouped into two categories: “videos for hearing aid users” and “videos for communication partners”. Such videos, using an accessible and comparative approach, conveyed the benefits that the use of communication strategies provided to the elderly and their communication partners.

Conclusion: The educational material will be able to contribute in a positive way to help the process of rehabilitation of the elderly hearing impaired. It is important to validate the effectiveness of these videos during the auditory rehabilitation process of the elderly, since there are few works that produced and/or evaluated multimedia materials in this area.